"Turn of the Tide"
With this introduction to Mario Bunge's philosophy (to my knowledge, not only the first German-language introduction to the work, but also the first book internationally that offers an overview of Bunge's scientific realism), I have big plans:
Readers who are inexperienced in philosophical-academic thinking should use the model I have outlined to get an easy-to-use filter tool behind this realistic philosophy - a kind of intellectual "firewall" to protect against the widespread "intellectual pollution".
What is that needed for? Well - we are constantly being confronted with statements by intellectuals, politicians, supposed experts, etc., which are presented to us through high-circulation media as authoritative opinion leaders and experts who are supposed to be able to define how the world and the current events in it are correct are to be assessed morally, politically, economically and scientifically. Much of the publicly put into the discussion turns out to be "bullshit" at the latest as things go - as the American philosophy professor Harry Frankfurt puts it so rustically - as unrealistic, unfounded nonsense without truth value.
It is precisely in this sense that the concept behind Mario Bunge's philosophy can be used as a means of intellectual self-defense against attacks on reason and morality - as an instrument to quickly separate valuable and meaningful thoughts from sometimes dangerous nonsense.
How Bunge's philosophy is applied in this way is the central theme of “Turn of the Tide”. I don't want to take the tension away from future tide-change readers and I don't want to go into further detail. But for the undecided who do not yet know whether they should actually buy the paperback, I would like to reveal a few motivating backgrounds about Mario Bunge and his work:
Landmark of world philosophy
Mario Bunge is an important representative of contemporary philosophical realism. The philosopher, born in Buenos Aires in 1919, assumes the basic recognizability of the world. He continues the tradition of the French Enlightenment: he defends objectivity and trust in reason as the basis of human knowledge against pseudosciences as well as against relativistic postmodern philosophical currents.
From Bunge's point of view, a philosophy is valuable "if it helps us learn, act, preserve our valuable cultural heritage, and if it guides us to promote our coexistence with others". On the basis of this definition, Bunge has repeatedly interfered critically in social debates - for example in the discussion of man-made climate change and the risks of neoliberal economic concepts.
In the field of scientific theory, he now enjoys the role of an important pioneer - as the German science philosopher Bernulf Kanitscheider wrote: “Few extraordinary personalities have been granted the opportunity to play a key role in shaping the intellectual geography of a scientific era. Mario Augusto Bunge belongs to the small group of important scientific philosophers, whose works have already become landmarks in the intellectual landscape of world philosophy. "*
In Latin America, Bunge is seen as an important role model today because he achieved international recognition like no other South American philosopher before him. His work is seen as proof that even thinkers who work in a subcontinent and are exposed to the most difficult conditions can rise to take the lead in the international specialist discussion at the highest level.
So much for historical and biographical background information. - Now readers have the opportunity following this link to experience his voice "live" in an interview. The interview was conducted in English - "Turn of the Tide" contains the German version of my conversation with Professor Bunge.
Comments on the book:
Professor Mario Bunge, McGill University, writes in his autobiography published in May 2016 by Springer Verlag in English “Between Two Worlds: Memoirs of a Philosopher Scientist” on page 349:
“Heinz Droste, another German social scientist, has written extensively on public relations, and has become interested in my philosophy to the point of writing a semi-popular book on it (Droste 20 15), which I find both clear and faithful. ”
Professor Dr. Georg F. Simet - Professor of science theory and propaedeutics and an international university consultant - working as an expert for the European Commission since 2002 - writes in his review:
“It is a very successful presentation of the entire work of Bunges in its various forms. The title of the book refers to Bunge's realistic position in quantum physics (in the book from p. 66): Bunge vehemently rejects the Copenhagen interpretation that the result of quantum mechanical measurements depends on the measurement and the person who is measuring it. Instead, in Droste's words, Bunge claims "that we are surrounded by a subject-independent, objective reality." (P. 71) Bunge unfolds this realistic position in its own system, the individual parts of which Droste describes briefly but comprehensively in the main part of its introduction and also precisely in its ramifications. Some shortcoming: Unfortunately, the final part (3), in which Bunge's realistic viewpoint (on 11 pages) is confronted with anti-realistic views, turned out to be very short. But all in all: An excellent introduction to Bunge's system, which is highly recommended to everyone who (wants to) deal with this philosopher. ”
In the Giodano Bruno Foundation newsletter dated February 15.02.2016, XNUMX:
“Mario Bunge is one of the most well-known and most cited naturalistic philosophers worldwide, but he is largely unknown in the German-speaking world outside of specialist circles. Hopefully Heinz W. Droste's brilliant introduction to Bunge's work, published by Alibri Verlag, will change that. Bunge's groundbreaking work on philosophical realism definitely deserves it. No one has defended enlightenment thinking against pseudoscience and postmodern relativism in the past decades in a clearer, more precise, more comprehensive way. An important, long overdue book for one of the great masterminds of our time. ”
Information about the book:
Heinz W. Droste
Turn of the Tide
Introduction to Mario Bunge's exact philosophy
196 pages, paperboard, Euro 14.-
The book can be ordered from the publisher's website. Stand here the table of contents, the introduction and a sample chapter are available free of charge.
* Bernulf Kanitscheider, foreword for: Mario Bunge, the mind-body problem. A psychobiological experiment, Tübingen 1984, p. VIII.